If I had to choose one jacket to grab on the way out of my house in a hurry, it would be the military standard issue gore-tex (although colors vary, it is still a gore-tex).
The gore-tex is waterproof, shields wind and is full of storage. It is the perfect jacket to wear over a jacket liner or a fleece. It will keep you warm, but it is not rated for below freezing temps. If you wear a fleece or a standard cold weather liner under it, you will be unzipping it, as it keeps heat in like crazy.